Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and
the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located
on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port
Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its
periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west,
Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the
south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up
of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15
contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as
"Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated
metropolitan population was 5,131,326, and is home to
approximately 65% of the state's population.
Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics. The city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha (2,500,000 acres) of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country. Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are also well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network.
Note: As for the final visiting route, please refer to the final program.